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8th July in 2023

Saturday, July 8, 2023

Today's name is: Kell. Congratulations on your name day!

This is week: 27

Day of the year is: 189 of total 365 days.

Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)

  • 975 - The English King Edgar the Peaceful dies aged 31. He is succeeded by his 13-year-old son Edward, who is however murdered in 978, after barely three years as king, when his stepmother Elfrida wants to clear him out of the way and would rather see his own son Ethelred as the King of England.
  • 1319 - The three-year-old Magnus Eriksson is elected Swedish king at Mora stones. He is the nephew of the deposed king the year before Birger Magnusson and son to Erik Magnusson, as Birger together with the brother Valdemar has had imprisoned in December 1317 under Nyköping's guest list. Little Magnus is the closest blood relative to the current royal family (Bjälboätten) and has also become king of Norway on May 8, when he has inherited the Norwegian throne, because the old Norwegian king Håkon Magnusson was his grandfather. Sweden and Norway thus end up in a personal union until 1343, when Magnus son Håkan becomes king of Norway. Magnus remains king of Sweden until he is deposed in 1364 and with his almost 45 years on the throne, he becomes the second longest-serving Swedish regent. Carl XVI Gustaf currently holds the record (2022).
  • 1497 - The Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama sets sail with a fleet of four ships from Lisbon, to find the sea route to India. In December, he and his crew become the first Europeans to circumnavigate Cape of Good Hope near the southern tip of Africa and in May of the following year the fleet arrives in India. In September 1499, da Gama returns with his crew to Portugal and is richly rewarded, for realizing the 80-year-old Portuguese dream of finding a sea route to India. In addition, he is named "Admiral of the Indian Ocean".
  • 1717 - A Danish-Norwegian fleet squadron, led by Peter Tordenskjold, carry out an attack on Strömstad in Bohuslän, to try to cut off the Swedish army in Norway from its main depot. However, the Swedish shore batteries successfully resist the attack and after a few hours, when the Danes have failed to land, they are forced to withdraw. As Tordenskjold has failed in an attack against Gothenburg in May of the same year, he is deprived of command of the Danish fleet in the Kattegatt after the attack against Strömstad and for the rest of Great Nordic War a hidden role.
  • 1766 - Two years after the new Drottningholm Palace Theatre has started to be built, the new premises can be inspected by the Swedish royal couple Adolph Frederick and Lovisa Ulrika. The original theater was built in 1754, but burned down already in 1762, while the new theater, which was inaugurated the following day, still stands today (2022).
  • 1853 - The American commander Matthew C. Perry anchored in Uraga Harbor near the Japanese capital of Edo (now Tokyo) with the four gunboats Mississippi, Plymouth, Saratoga and Susquehanna to begin negotiations with the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate. What he (and the US) wants to achieve is to end Japan's sakoku policy, which means that the country is closed to Westerners by not allowing them to enter the country and Japanese people not being allowed to leave, with the threat of the death penalty for those who violates this. Since Perry has handed over a letter from the US President Millard Fillmore he continues to China, but on his return the following year manages, under threat of shelling from his ships, to negotiate the opening of three Japanese ports to trade with the United States, through the convention of Kanagawa. This will be the beginning of Japan opening up to contacts with the outside world and thus the beginning of the country's industrialization.
  • 1859 - The Swedish-Norwegian king Oscar I dies of a brain tumor, four days after his 60th birthday. He is succeeded as king in both Sweden and Norway by his eldest son Charles XV (in Norway with the name Karl IV). He has been viceroy of Norway since 1856 and already in 1857 took over the regency from his father, as prince regent, as the father had already found it difficult to rule due to his illness. Karl remains king for 13 years, before he dies of colon cancer in 1872 and is succeeded by his brother Oscar II.
  • 1889Charles Dow, Edward Jones and The Wall Street Journal, when the first issue is published. It eventually also gets a European and an Asian edition, but the American is today (2022) the largest newspaper in the USA, with a circulation of 2.1 million copies.
  • 1960 - The mountain pass Abra del Acay in northern Argentina is inaugurated after three years of construction. It opens to vehicular traffic the following day and is the world's highest mountain pass with an official elevation of 4,895 meters above sea level (although different measurements vary between 4,972 and 5,061 meters). The road is still not paved today (2022) and is therefore best suited for off-road vehicles.
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