Tuesday, August 8, 2023
Today's name is: Sylvia, Sylvia. Congratulations on your name day!
This is week: 32
Day of the year is: 220 of total 365 days.
Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)
- 1627 - Second day off the battle of Dirschau, between Swedish troops led by King Gustav II Adolf and Polish, under the leadership of the noble general Stanisław Koniecpolski, ends in a draw. Skirmishes have already begun on August 5, when the Swedish and Polish forces have met at Dirschau and on August 7 the great battle has begun. During this day, the Swedish tactics beat back the retreating Poles. During the night, the fighting stops, but resumes on August 8. Even during this day it looks for a long time that the Swedes will win, but when Gustav II Adolf is hit by a musket ball "two finger widths from the carotid artery" and can no longer continue the lead, the air goes out of the Swedish offensive and the Swedish troops, who have been incredibly close to a grand victory, withdraws from the battle, which thus ends in a draw. One experience that the Swedish military leadership draws from this is that you need more generals, who can lead battles and have it delegated to them, so that you are not dependent on the king for the outcome of a battle. The king survives the blow, but the doctors are unable to remove the bullet, which gets stuck in one of his collarbones and this means that he can no longer carry harness of metal, as it rubs against the ball. Instead, the king begins to carry chills of moose skin, which does not protect as well, which proves fatal five years later in the battle of Lützen. The clothes worn by the king in the battle of Dirschau are on his order exhibited for public viewing in Stockholm, which becomes the basis for Sweden's first museum The life rust chamber. The ongoing Polish War lasting for another two years, until 1629.
- 1700 - Sweden and Denmark close the peace of Traventhal, forcing Denmark to withdraw Great Nordic War after only six months. During the spring, Russia, Denmark and Saxony-Poland attacked Sweden in alliance, but after only a few months the Swedish troops under King Charles XII:'s leadership defeated the Danes. Denmark had started the war by attacking Sweden's allies Holstein-Gottorp, which the Danes must now return to its duke. According to the peace, Denmark must respect the independence of Holstein-Gottorp and must no longer support Sweden's enemies. Thus, Denmark must leave the anti-Swedish alliance. However, the Danes re-enter the war as Sweden's enemy after the Swedish defeat in the battle of Poltava 1709.
- 1945 – Soviet Union declares war on Japan and begins battles against the Japanese in Manchuria and Korea. With Germany having been defeated three months earlier, the Soviets can now release troops and materiel from the Eastern Front, which the Russians can now send to the Pacific. On August 6, the United States dropped the first atomic bomb on Japan (over Hiroshima) and on August 9 the second was dropped (over Nagasaki). This, in combination with also having the powerful Soviet Union as an enemy, means that on August 14 the Japanese agree to unconditional surrender, which takes place on September 2.
- 1963 - A gang of 15 professional criminal men, led by big train robbers.
- 1967 - The Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand join together to form the organization Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). This is to promote economic growth and peaceful cooperation between members and is open to all Southeast Asian countries, which support these goals, to also discuss conflicts among themselves in a peaceful manner. Later, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Burma and Vietnam were also added as members. 3
- 1974 - The American President Richard Nixon makes a televised address to the American nation, in which he announces that the following day he intends to resign as President of the United States, as a result of The Watergate Affair. Nixon has long denied involvement in this political affair, in which members of his staff have been caught red-handed breaking into the headquarters of the rival Democratic Party at the Watergate Hotel. Now Nixon falls for nothing and thus announces his resignation for the following day.
- 1990 - Six days after the Iraqi invasion of the sheikhdom of Kuwait on August 2 declares the president of Iraq Saddam Hussein the sheikhdom of Iraq's nineteenth province and deploys his cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid as its governor. For the rest of the year, the war remains calm, before the Western alliance against Iraq begins the liberation of Kuwait in January 1991.
- 1993 - During the current one the water festival an air show of the military aircraft is held in Stockholm JAS 39 Gripen, flown off Lars Rådeström. However, the plane breaks down and crashes on Långholmen, as a result of so-called "pilot induced oscillation", when the pilot makes a maneuver that ends up in conflict with the plane's control system. One person was burned, but otherwise no one was injured or killed.
- Georgia kicks off the war in South Ossetia by launching an operation on the night of this day in the province of South Ossetia, which wants to break away from Georgia. The operation begins despite the fact that the Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili as late as the night before has advocated continued negotiations between Georgia and South Ossetia. During the day of August 8, the Russian president announces Vladimir Putin that Russian peacekeeping forces in the area have been killed and that Russia does not intend to accept the killing of Russian citizens in South Ossetia. Therefore, Russian troops are also marching into the province on this day.
- The event is held in Stockholm 080808, or Go 08 to celebrate the city, whose telephone area code is 08 (and today's date can be written as 2008-08-08). A water war between north and south Stockholm is held at Gärdet and Stureplan is turned into a dance floor for 45,000 visitors. At half past eleven in the evening, a large firework display is held at Slussen. Everyone born in Stockholm on this day gets free entry to the amusement park Green Lund the rest of life.
- The Swedish teenage rock band Brother Daniel holds his last concert in his hometown of Gothenburg during the music festival Way Out West. It is a memorial concert dedicated to the group's old guitarist Anders Göthberg who committed suicide on March 30 of the same year. He has then been a member of the group since 1993, four years after its formation in 1989.
- 2008 Summer Olympics inaugurated in Beijing by President Hu Jintao.
- 2010 - The Swedish web community page Lunarstorm put down. It was founded in 2000 and had at most 1.2 million members, but due to competition from other social media such as Facebook, you are thus forced to close the page. Admittedly, it is replaced by the site LS8, but in autumn 2011 this too will be closed.
- 2019 - It is announced that the newspaper Metro shut down after 24 years in use.