Lördag den 6:e juni år 2026
Today's name is: Gustav, Gosta. Congratulations on your name day!
This is week: 23
Day of the year is: 157 of total 365 days.
Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)
- 1523 - The 27-year-old nobleman and rebel leader Gustav Eriksson (Vasa), has since 1521, as leader of the liberation war against the Danes, was Sweden's prime minister. This day he becomes, under a national meeting in Strängnäs, elected King of Sweden. Even though all of Sweden is not yet completely in Swedish hands (Stockholm is only captured on Midsummer Eve, the last Swedish fortress Viborg falls into Swedish hands only on 10 October and the peace is only concluded the following year) the election of the king is usually seen as the symbolic end of Sweden's membership in The Kalmar Union, which symbolizes the country's newly won independence. Therefore, June 6 has been celebrated since 1915 as Swedish Flag Day and since 1983 as Sweden's National Day.
- 1654 - Sweden's government Queen Christina abdicates from the Swedish throne at a ceremony in the National Hall on Uppsala Castle and thus ends Vasa family time on the Swedish throne, on the day 131 years after its first member Gustav Vasa became king. Kristina's abdication is partly based on the fact that she wants to become a Catholic, which is forbidden in the strictly Protestant Sweden, and partly on the fact that she does not want to marry in order to have an heir to the throne. After much resistance from the estates in 1649, she managed to get her cousin Karl Gustav named heir to the throne, and he became king and was crowned the same day with the royal name Charles X Gustav. With him it takes office Palatinate family, who will hold the throne until 1720.
- 1683 - The English researcher Elias Ashmole has its collection of books and antiquities, including stuffed animals, in the Olde-Ashmole building in Oxford open to the public. This becomes the basis of The Ashmolean Museum which will be the world's first museum for the public and the entrance fee varies depending on how long you intend to be there. The museum still exists today (2022), but the current building dates from 1897.
- 1809 – A new Swedish form of government is adopted, when three of the four estates' presidents sign it (the peasant estate will take a few more weeks) and the head of state, Duke Karl, ratifies it. Thereby abolished of the Gustavian period royal monarchy and Sweden instead gets a form of government based on the separation of powers principle (power is shared between the king and the Riksdag). The medieval one the Constituent Assembly is maintained, despite the fact that the radicals want to introduce bicameral parliament. Presided over by a Cabinet of nine members (who are appointed and dismissed by the King), it shall meet every five years. The king has the executive (governing) power, in that he issues administrative and financial regulations, but he must take advice from the ministers and state secretaries, who are responsible to the Riksdag and not the king. Swedish National Bank and The National Debt Office is subordinated to the Riksdag, which is given full taxing power. The king and the Riksdag share the legislative power, while the judicial power is completely vested Supreme Court. It is true that the king must appoint judges, but the judiciary becomes independent by having appointed judges irreplaceable. Finally, the nobility is forced to give up their preferential rights to government offices. Since the Duke has ratified the new constitution, he is elected King of Sweden with the name Charles XIII. However, this is only a temporary solution, as the 60-year-old king is old, frail and childless, so the question of a new heir to the throne remains to be resolved.
- 1844 - The fabric salesman George Williams founded at St. Paul's Churchyard 72 in London association Young Men's Christian Association (abbreviated YMCA; English: Young Men's Christian Association; YMCA). He is outraged by the terrible conditions of young workers in the British capital and therefore creates the association, so that they have somewhere to go, "that does not lead them into temptation", and where they can practice Christian principles, by develop "a healthy mind in a healthy body". The women's version of the association (YWCA, English: YWCA) was founded in 1855 and Swedish branches of the associations were founded in 1885 (women) and 1887 (men). Today, the men's association, with 58 million members worldwide, is the world's largest and oldest youth movement.
- 1907 - The German chemical company Henkel & Cie begins marketing in its capital Düsseldorf Parsley, which will be the world's first detergent for household use. Previous detergents have mostly consisted of powdered soap, but Henkel's chemists have found a way to combine the bleach sodium perborate with the basic detergent silicate and according to the advertisement, bubbles are thereby created, which "do the work of the washboard".
- 1912 - The volcano Novarupta in Alaska has an eruption, which lasts for three days and is the largest in the world during the 20th century (for example, 10 times the size of The 1980 eruption of Mount Saint Helens).
- 1944 – The Allied begins Operation Overlord, through which British, American and Canadian forces from southern Britain cross the English Channel and land in Normandy in northern France. Thus begins the Allied liberation of it by Nazi Germany occupied Europe and they open the "second front" on the continent, which the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin long requested, to remedy of the Red Army fight against the Germans on the eastern front. The day goes down in history as The D-Day or The longest day.
- 1970 – The experimental nuclear reactor R1 on Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm is closed, after running for almost 16 years (since 1954). It has been Sweden's first nuclear reactor, which was created to experiment with nuclear power, but as other Swedish nuclear reactors have now been added, it is no longer necessary to have a reactor at KTH.
- 1973 - The Swedish Riksdag adopts in a first vote a new Swedish form of government. As it is a new constitution, it needs to be adopted in two votes with parliamentary elections in between, but as an election is already held in September of the same year, the second vote can be held as early as February 27 of the following year, after which the form of government comes into force on January 1, 1975. In the new constitution the old introductory wording "The king has sole authority to rule the kingdom" is replaced by "All public power emanates from the people" and the king only receives ceremonial tasks. This will thus be the first time, as the form of government officially states, that Sweden is a parliamentary and constitutional monarchy, despite the fact that the king has not exercised any power since 1914 and parliamentarism has been introduced in 1917.
- 1982 - Israel launches an invasion of Lebanon after the Palestinian Abu Nidal on June 3 has attempted to assassinate Israel's ambassador to the UK Bashir Gemayel in September has been assassinated crushed the Israeli plans and guerrilla troops then fight the Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon for 18 years, until 2000.
- 1993 – Mongolia holds its first direct presidential election.
- 2003 - The newly built one the East IndiamanGothenburg launched in the port of Gothenburg. The ship is one reply of that East Indian, which sank at the entrance to Gothenburg harbor in 1745, and the construction of the new ship has been ongoing since 1995. In 2005–2007, a voyage is carried out in the footsteps of the old East Indiamen back and forth to China.