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5th June in 2023

Monday, June 5, 2023

Today's name is: Stay. Congratulations on your name day!

This is week: 23

Day of the year is: 156 of total 365 days.

Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)

  • 1135Rikissa of Poland, who has previously been married to the Swedish pretender to the throne in Västergötland Magnus Nilsson, a year after Magnus's death, remarries a prince Volodar of Minsk and the marriage results five years later in the daughter Sophia (who later becomes Queen of Denmark). The marriage is a strategic move by Rikissa's father the king Boleslav III of Poland, aimed at the alliance between Magnus' enemy, the new Danish king Erik Emune, and Volodar's enemy, Grand Duke Vladimir II Monomach of Kyiv. After several actors in the conflict have died a few days later and Prince Vladimir's position has weakened, there is no longer any strategic basis for the marriage, which is therefore dissolved by divorce. In 1148 Rikissa was married to Swears the older one and thus becomes Swedish queen again.
  • 1257Kraków, in Poland, receives city rights.
  • 1305 - Since the papacy has stood empty for one year, Raymond Bertrand de Got is elected Pope and takes the name Clemens V.
  • 1316 - The French King Louis X dies of either pneumonia or Philip V.
  • 1849 - King Frederick VII sign a new Danish constitution,[3] which thus comes into force on the same day. Through this, the nearly 200-year-old royal Danish monarchy (which has lasted since 1660) is abolished and Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy. The constitution has since been amended four times (1866, 1915, 1920 and 1953; the last time also signed on the same date) and 5 June is therefore now celebrated as Denmark's unofficial national day.
  • 1879The strike which on 26 May breaks out in a strike, which is considered to be Sweden's first on a larger scale and will be the most extensive during the 19th century, however, does not have any significant consequences for the workers (the daily wage at Tunadal is increased from 1.25 to 1.50 kroner and the working hours on Saturdays is limited to closing at 6:00 PM instead of 8:00 PM in Svartvik) and it will be several more decades before the nascent labor movement organizes itself into unions with strike funds, leading to them being better equipped to succeed in a strike.
  • 1888The Río de la Plata earthquake of 1888.
  • 1916 - Under the leadership of the emir Sharif Hussein ibn Ali of Mecca a general Arab revolt breaks out against it the Ottoman Empire in the province of Hijaz. The rebellion, which receives financial support from the British, lasts until the end of World War I in 1918 and eventually includes about 70,000 Arabs, but its goals are only partially achieved. The British have promised that an entire Arab state will be established on the peninsula and that it will be independent from the Ottomans. After the war, the Ottoman Empire does fall apart and large Arab areas become independent, but not as a common country, but divided into several states (several also as British or French protectorates) according to The Sykes-Picot Agreement, which was secretly concluded already in the same year (1916) between Great Britain, France and Russia.
  • 1947 - The so-called The Marshall Plan, which is a program to provide financial assistance to Europe, to rebuild the continent after World War II and is named after the US Secretary of State George C. Marshall, is established at a meeting between representatives of the United States and several European states. Another purpose of the plan is to prevent the spread of communism from the Soviet Union, which leads to the Soviet Union and several of the communist states in Eastern Europe refusing to take part in the economic aid. The grants begin in April 1948 and last for four years; when the program ends in 1952, all participating countries (Western Europe, including Sweden, as well as Greece and Turkey) have reached economic levels that exceed pre-war levels.
  • 1956Elvis Presley introducing his new single, “Hound Dog“, on the Milton Berle Show, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.
  • 1959Singapore's first government is installed, two days after partial self-rule under Great Britain is changed to full self-rule. The People's Action Party won a landslide victory with 43 of Parliament's 51 seats and they continue to fight for Singapore to achieve full independence, which it achieves in 1963.
  • 1963 - The British Defense Secretary John Profumo forced to resign after the one named after him The Profumo business. He has had a relationship with the stripper Christine Keeler, while she has had an intimate relationship with the Soviet naval attaché in Britain, Eugene Ivanov, and it is feared that this may have led to the leaking of defense secrets to the Soviet Union. Profumo swears he has not disclosed anything to Keeler, which she allegedly could have passed on to Ivanov, but after he lied to Parliament on March 22 and claimed he had no relationship with Keeler, the situation has become untenable for him .
  • 1967 - Israeli troops begin the so-called The Six Day War against the neighboring states of Egypt, Syria and Jordan (supported by Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Algeria). The war lasts, as the name suggests, only for six days (until June 10), but becomes a decisive victory for Israel, which succeeds in occupying West Bank, The Gaza Strip, The Golan Heights and Sinai Peninsula. After the war, Sinai was returned to Egypt, but even today (2022) the other areas are under Israeli occupation (although Egypt does not claim Gaza and Jordan since 1987 has renounced its claims to the West Bank).
  • 1968 - Former US President John F. Kennedy's Brother Robert, who is running for the post of Democratic presidential candidate in it US presidential election in the same year, is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles and dies of his injuries the following day. The killer Sirhan Sirhan is immediately arrested and later sentenced to death for the crime (in 1972 commuted to life imprisonment). His motives are somewhat unclear, but may stem from the Palestinian-American Sirhan's dislike of Kennedy's Middle East policy.
  • 1980M/S Estonia, then as "Viking Sally", has her maiden voyage. She is the second largest passenger ferry in Baltic Sea at this time.[4]
  • 1988 - The Australian Kay Cottee arrives in his sloop First Lady to Sydney Harbor after becoming, in 189 days (since November 29 of the previous year), the first woman in the world to complete a solo non-stop circumnavigation of the globe. She is received by jubilant crowds and later in the year is appointed to Australian of the Year.
  • 1989 - After the massacre at Himmelska fridens torg occurred on June 4, a well-known event occurs the day after. A lone man stands right in front of tanks near the square. He prevents the tanks from advancing further for a long time. It will become one of the most iconic photographs from 20th century ever. He became known as The Unknown Rebel. The American Journal Time included in April 1998 the unknown rebel in his list of “the hundred most influential people under 20th century“. No one knows for sure what happened to the man after that. Many theories have abounded, including that he was executed, that he went into hiding, or that he was imprisoned.
  • 2004 - The Swedish women's soccer team Umeå IK wins Uefa Women's Champions League for second year in a row, by defeating in the final 1. FFC Frankfurt by 8–0. The year before Umeå became the first Swedish team to win the competition and these two victories are so far the only ones by a Swedish team.
  • 2006 - Then Montenegro two days earlier has declared its independence from the federation Serbia and Montenegro, makes Serbia today the same thing, when the Serbian side recognizes the independence of Montenegro. Thus, the federation effectively ceases to exist, even if the formal dissolution does not take place until June 15.
  • 2007A truck crashes into a train at a level crossing i Kerang in the Australian state of Victoria, killing eleven people and seriously injuring 23. However, the accident is prompting the Victorian state government to invest over $33 million to improve safety at road-rail level crossings across the state.
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