Previous Day The next day

4 :e Juni år 2023

Söndag den 4:e juni år 2023

Today's name is: Solbritt, Solveig. Congratulations on your name day!

This is week: 22

Day of the year is: 155 of total 365 days.

Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)

  • 780s BC - Notes are made in China about the world's first known solar eclipse.
  • 1039 - Henry III becomes king over German-Roman Empire.
  • 1134 - The pretender to the throne Erik Emune defeats the Danish king Nils in the battle of Foteviken in southwestern Scania. The battle ends the Danish civil war, which has been raging since King Nils son Magnus (former throne predentent in Västergötland) has murdered Erik Emune's half-brother duke Knut Lavard 1131 (because he has felt his position threatened by Knut and Erik, who are unhappy that they have not themselves been allowed to take over the Danish throne after their father Erik Ejegods died 1103 – instead the throne was taken over by his brother Nils). This will be the first battle in Nordic history, there cavalry is used to a greater extent, but even though Nils is defeated and his son Magnus falls, he is still king of Denmark. Therefore, three weeks later he is murdered in Schleswig by Erik Emune, who on 25 June proclaims himself the new king.
  • 1745 - A Prussian army of 58,500 men, led by the king Frederick II, defeats an equally strong Austro-Saxon army (58,700 men), led by Archduke Charles Alexander of Lorraine, i the battle of Hohenfriedberg. The battle becomes a decisive victory for the Prussians during it War of the Austrian Succession and the king after this soon receives the epithet Frederick the Great.
  • 1783 - The French inventor brothers Joseph and Étienne Montgolfier completes the world's first ascent with a hot air balloon in front of an audience i Annonay in south-eastern France (already on December 14 of the previous year, they managed to get a balloon to rise to a height of 250 meters and during experiments in the spring, it was successful with even higher heights; this is thus the first ascent in front of an audience). On this day, they manage to get the balloon to rise up to 2 kilometers and after 10 minutes of flight the balloon lands 2 kilometers from the starting point. The next experiment is carried out September 19, when they manage to send up a balloon with living creatures on board.
  • 1805 - The first Trooping the Colour-ceremony (the British monarch's official birthday celebration) takes place in London.
  • 1849 - The first of three liberal reform meetings in Örebro is opened in the Societetssalon, under the direction of the landowner and the writer Carl Henrik Anckarsvärd (the others are held in 1850 and 1853). The meetings are conducted by free-minded and liberal high-ranking people and aim to reform the Swedish right to vote and the design of the Riksdag. The meeting then belongs to the king Oscar I has submitted a proposal for the introduction of bicameral parliament, as many of the participants would rather have one unicameral system.
  • 1859 - A Franco-Sardinian force of 59,100 men, led by the French Emperor Napoleon III and the Sardinian king Victor Emmanuel II, defeating an Austrian army more than twice the size (125,000 men), led by Field Marshal Ferencz József Gyulay, i the battle of Magenta in Lombardy (now northern Italy). The Franco-Sardinian victory will be decisive for that Second Italian War of Independence and an important step on the way to Unification of Italy, which takes place two years later.
  • 1907 - The two Scanian sports clubs IF Svithiod and Stattena IF merge and form Helsingborg IF, which will soon focus on football. Today (2022), the club plays in the Superettan and is so far the only Swedish team to have won the three highest Swedish football titles Allsvenskan, the Swedish Cup and the Supercup (2011) in one and the same season.
  • 1913 - The British militant women's suffragist Emily Davison throws himself before king George V's horse at the WSPU's colors on the King's horse.
  • 1916 - The Russians begin the so-called The Brusilov Offensive (named after the Russian commander Alexey Brusilov) against Austria-Hungary. The offensive, which lasts until September 20, leads to a temporary Russian success on the Eastern Front during the First World War, when the Austrians are pushed back 10 miles in Ukraine. The Russian losses after the completion of the offensive amount to one million men, while the Austrian ones will be almost two million.
  • 1920The victorious powers of World War I make peace with Hungary by the so-called Treaty of Trianon signed at Versailles outside Paris (since the dual monarchy Austria Hungary has been dissolved in 1918, separate peaces are concluded with the two parts of the country and peace with Austria has been signed the year before). The peace means that the dual monarchy is formally dissolved and that Hungary's borders are determined after the dissolution, whereby the country loses 72 % of its former area and 62 % of the population.
  • 1937 - The world's first shopping carts is being introduced at Sylvan Goldman, who during the previous year had thought about how customers should be able to bring more goods with them and then came up with the idea of putting a shopping basket and wheels on a folding chair. Since this has been the basis of inspiration, the carts are initially called "folding basket carriers".
  • 1939The Holocaust: M/S St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to dock i Florida, in the United States, after leaving Cuba. The ship is forced to return to Europe, more than 200 of its passengers later die in Nazi concentration camp.
  • 1940
    • Battle of Dunkirk is terminated. An important battle during World War II between the Allies and Nazi Germany.
    • Operation Dynamo, by which the British Expeditionary Force has been evacuated away from the Germans from Dunkirk on the French north coast to Great Britain, ends after eight days. By using every imaginable flotation device from southern Britain and a large number of civilians taking part in the rescue operation, they basically succeeded in saving the entire British force and also some French soldiers - a total of 338,226 men - and the event goes down in history under the name The Miracle at Dunkirk.
    • Georgy Zhukov appointed to the armyGeneral.
  • 1942 - Japanese forces launch an attack against the Americans Midway Islands in the Pacific Ocean, with the aim of breaking the US's strategic power at sea. Battle of Midway, which runs until June 7, will however be a turning point in Pacific War, when it becomes a decisive American victory, leading to the US taking the initiative from Japan and beginning the three-year defeat of the Japanese forces.
    • The boat S/S Iron Crown, a 100 meter long freighter is sunk by a Japanese submarine, 38 of 43 on board perish.[6]
    • A battleship of the "Tosa" type, is bombed and damaged in Pacific, of United States Navy with the help of a battleship. The ship had 1,708 people on board, of whom 811 people perished. The people who are saved and survive were saved by Imperial Japanese Navy.
  • 1944
    • At the end of the invasion of Normandy in northern France, which has been ongoing since January 22 and this thus opens the "second front" in Europe, the Germans find it more difficult to concentrate the reserves only in Italy.
    • Outside the island group The Mariana Islands then a cargo ship is torpedoed and 1500 people perish. United States Navy is behind the sinking.
  • 1965 – The cultural reserve Wadkoping in Örebro, which is an open-air museum consisting of old houses from the 16th to the early 20th century, is inaugurated by King Gustaf VI Adolf, as part of the opening of the city's 700th anniversary celebration (it is not known exactly when Örebro received its city privilege, but since it is assumed that it was during the 1260s, the year 1965 has been chosen to celebrate the 700th anniversary). The anniversary exhibition itself lasts for just over two weeks (until June 20), but Wadköping still exists as a museum today (2022). The name Wadköping is taken after the author Hjalmar Bergman's fictitious city with this name, because he was born in Örebro and is considered one of the "sons of the city".
  • 1970 - The British Protectorate over Tonga ceases.[7] This means that the Kingdom of Tonga has been under British protection since the establishment of the protectorate in 1900, but that it will now instead become a completely independent kingdom (although it will also become a member of the British the commonwealth), the only kingdom in Oceania.
  • 1981The Astronomer Edward LG Bowell at Anderson Mesa Station discovers asteroid 2494 Inge.
  • 1982 - It will be a heat record for the earliest occurrence of a "tropical night", vid the hill in Skåne. For the period 1951-2017, June 4, 1982 is the earliest date of tropical diurnal known. Tropical night means that the temperature never drops below 20 degrees and this record stood for 36 years until it occurred on June 3, 2018 at Vinga in the Gothenburg archipelago (a new record for tropical night).[8]
  • 1986 - Israel.
  • 1988 - Three cars on a train that transports hexogen to Kazakhstan explodes in Arzamas, Gorky Oblast, Soviet Union, killing 91 people and injuring about 1,500.
  • 1989
    • Military they put down student protests for increased democratization, reduced corruption and greater freedom for students in China, which has been ongoing Tiananmen Square in the Chinese capital Beijing since April. The protests have, among other things, erupted after the then 73-year-old reform politician Hu Yaobang has died of a heart attack while meeting with the Chinese Politburo. However, the Chinese government is not ready to meet the students' demands, which is why early in the morning on this day the military is ordered to open fire. Upwards of 3,000 people are killed in the square and on the great avenue leading up to it. The incident led to the Chinese communist regime being exposed to sharp international criticism for several years afterwards.
    • In the first round of the election two years later, which is completely democratic.
    • The railway accident in Ufa in 1989 is a major train accident that takes place in the former Soviet Union. At least 575 people die and around 800 are injured according to official data, another available data points to 780 casualties.[10] 181 of the victims are children.[11] It is still, even with official records, the deadliest peacetime rail disaster in the Soviet Union/Russia. The rescue operation is massive with, among other things, over 100 ambulances involved and also helicopters that transport the seriously injured to hospital from the scene of the accident.[10]
  • 1992 - The Japanese gaming company Nintendo releasing the game console Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES).
  • 1994 - Both of them American the astronomers Carolyn S. Shoemaker and David H. Levy at The Palomar Observatory discovers asteroid 6670 Gelding (as it was named).
  • 1997 - China signs a $660 million deal to develop an Iraqi oil field.[12]
  • 1999 - In Colombia, at least 2,000 people cross the border into Venezuela to escape fierce fighting in northern Santander province.[12]
  • 2000
    • Earthquake in Indonesia with a magnitude of 7.9 on Richter scale. The incident occurs outside the south Sumatran coastal, Indonesia, near Pulau Enggano. 117 people die and 2,500 are injured.[13]
    • The play "Copenhagen" by Michael Frayn wins as Best Performance at the 54th Annual Tony Awards at Manhattan in New York. The dance performance "Contact" wins as best musical. “Kiss Me, Kate” wins as Best Musical Revival.[12]
  • 2002George W. Bush says that Central Intelligence Agency and Federal Bureau of Investigation had failed to cooperate well enough before it September 11, 2001, the terrorist attacks, which meant that they did not discover the preparation for the attacks. They also provided poorer preparedness and action once the incident occurred. Congress begins with extraordinary closed-door hearings at intelligence hour.[12]
  • 2005 - After al Qaeda-linked insurgents in Mgheiti crossed the border at night, a remote Mauritanian army post in the northern desert opened fire, killing 15 of the Mauritanian troops and 9 of the attackers. Algeria's Salafist group for talks and war demands that accountability will be exacted from those responsible for the attacks.[12]
  • 2007 - George W. Bush ends after an 8-day stay in Europe which has involved, among other things, attendance at the summit of the G8 group, in Germany.[12]
  • 2008 - I Bosnia Genocide charges are signed against Vaso Todorovic, a former Bosnian Serb police officer. He is accused of being involved in the 1995 massacre of more than 7,000 Muslims, Europe's worst massacre since World War II.[12]
  • 2009
    • Mexican police find 11 bodies, most with their hands and feet cut off, inside an abandoned car in the border state of Sonora. Action attributed to drug traffickers.[12]
    • The computer game The Sims 3 released for sale in Sweden.
  • 2010
    • Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq announce they have ended their unilateral ceasefire with Turkey, a day after Iraqi Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani met the Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu and promised that "every effort" will be made to stop the increasing rebel violence.[12]
    • The pope Benedict XVI embarks on a pilgrimage to Cyprus to bring a message of peace to the region. Greek Cypriot leaders have launched a scathing attack on Turkey over its occupation of northern Cyprus.[12]
  • 2011
    • Following the passing of Disneyland artist Betty Taylor – this is announced at Disneyland's website. Taylor, 91, played the role of Slue Foot Sue in the Golden Horseshoe Revue. A native of Seattle, she had been a dancer and stage artist before joining the cast of the long-running Disneyland production. She performed in the Revue for three decades. Her co-star, ]
    • In China, on the anniversary of the massacre of Tiananmen Square 1989 that crushed the democratic movement, which was completely ignored by the state-controlled media. The square is open under high security. Activists say security forces have targeted a number of government critics ahead of this anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre, contributing to severe violence.[12]
  • 2015
    • In the northeast Nigeria A suicide bomber attacks the main market in the town of Yola, killing 35 people. Another 10 people die the next day, bringing the death toll to 45. A suicide bomber blows up a car at a roadblock outside military barracks and 8 soldiers die in Maiduguri.[12]
    • The Turkish government official announces that more than 3,300 Syrians have crossed the border into Turkey in the last 2 days alone. They have fled fighting between Islamic State militant forces and Kurdish forces in northern Syria Tall Abyaḑ region.[12]
    • In Germany, more than 30,000 people demonstrate in Munich towards a G7 summit that began this weekend in Bavaria. Environmental activists, opposition parties and anti-globalisation activists join under the slogan: "Stop TTIP - Save the climate - Fight poverty".[12]
  • 2017
    • Lauri Ylönen (from the group The Rasmus) performing with the song “In the Shadows” through the ZDF-Fernsehgarten (broadcasting center) at Mainz, Germany.[14]
    • Turkish security forces kill 8 activists from Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in eastern Kars province.[12]
    • IN Libya 7 of 35 known migrants from Africa, Sahara, are found dead in an abandoned truck near the Libyan capital, Tripoli.[12]
    • In South Bulgaria 10 migrants die and 7 are injured after a minivan they were traveling in overturns on a highway near the city Pazardzhik. The Bulgarian driver of the vehicle, who does not have a driver's license, is also killed.[12]
  • 2018 - After a warm May with a heat wave when you start to think that summer will come, the villagers are completely surprised Cat jacket in Sweden by suddenly waking up to a winter wonderland, a white Monday morning. Residents can start shoveling snow in the morning. It had rained the day before and the rain continued until 11pm. No one could quite believe what awaited them. The snow remains throughout the day and there are really cold winds. In June i Cat jacket This is very unusual.[15][16]
  • 2019
    • Exactly 30 years later the massacre at Himmelska fridens torg 200,000 people gather in Hong Kong to light candles to honor and remember the victims. It will be a great light manifestation. Hundreds of thousands of security guards and police are watching Tiananmen Square in Peking. Memorial moments are only allowed in Hong Kong and Macao. In the remaining places, tributes are prohibited.[17]
    • IN Uganda five people die and dozens are missing after heavy rain triggered a series of landslides in eastern Uganda's mountainous Bududa district.[12]
    • IN Czech Republic an estimated 120,000 protesters fill the capital's Prague streets in the evening to demand the Prime Minister Andrej Babiš departure. It was one of the largest protests since the fall of communism in 1989.[12]
  • 2020 - Prime Minister of Sweden Stefan Löfven announces at a press conference that can be heard live via radio, that domestic flights can start flying from June 13 and that people without symptoms can travel. The coronavirus pandemic.[18][19] Already the next day talking SAS that international flights can resume their operations at the end of the second quarter.[20]