Måndag den 29:e maj år 2023
Today's name is: Jeanette, Yvonne. Congratulations on your name day!
This is week: 22
Day of the year is: 149 of total 365 days.
Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)
- 757 - Then Stephen II has passed away on April 26 is elected Paul I to the Pope. He held the post until his death ten years later.
- 1138 - The antipope Victor IV renounces his claims to the papacy, only two and a half months after being appointed antipope. Namely, his followers have abandoned him after bribes from the legitimate Pope Innocent II and the abbot Bernard of Clairvaux thus intervenes and induces Victor IV to renounce his claims to the papacy, whereupon Innocent reinstates him as cardinal.
- 1259 - When the Danish king Kristofer I dies, according to some possibly poisoned by the abbot Arnfast, he is succeeded as King of Denmark by his son Erik Kliping.
- 1415 - The antipope John XXIII is deposed by the Council of Constance having lost the support of worldly rulers. Then he admits Martin W as legitimate pope, he may Benedict XIII also be deposed.
- 1453 - Ottoman forces under Sultan Mehmet II has since April 6 besieged Constantinople and this day the city falls into the hands of the Ottomans. Thus the last remainder of Byzantine Empire fell into Muslim hands, meaning that the last remnant of the 753 BC founded the Roman Empire thus has perished. The Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos perishes during the Ottoman attack, but pretenders to the Byzantine throne continue to appear for another 50 years (until 1502).
- 1660 - Since the English and Scottish parliaments have decided to restore the monarchy, which has been abolished since 1649, the pretender to the throne Charles II recalled and on his 30th birthday he makes his entry into London and is proclaimed King of England, Scotland and Ireland. He issues amnesty for the Lord Protectors Oliver and Richard Cromwell's supporters, but does not revoke the death sentences against those who have signed the death warrant against his father Charles I, which are subsequently executed through hanging, pulling and quartering, and the corpse of the dead Oliver Cromwell is exposed posthumous execution.
- 1724 - Then Innocent XIII has died on March 7, Pietro Francesco Orsini is elected Pope and takes the name Benedict XIII.
- 1772 – Gustav III's coronation took place on this day in the Storkyrkan in Stockholm. Gustav III who became king on 12 February 1771 already has plans to restore the personal kingship and abolish of the freedom era estate rule, which he implements through his coup d'état in August of the same year.
- 1790 – Rhode Island ratifies it US Constitution thus becoming the 13th state to be included in it American Union. Thus, all of the original 13 British colonies on the North American east coast have become American states.
- 1848 – Wisconsin admitted as the 30th state of the American Union, having been American territory since 1836. It will be the last territory east of the Mississippi River, and also the last territory, entirely within the territory, established as American by The Paris Agreement 1783, which becomes an American state.
- 1889 – Helena Munktells opera In Florence premieres on The Royal Theatre in Stockholm
- 1897 - The Sports Association The Kamratföreningen in Norrköping is founded by a group of boys at Norrköping's educational institution, after the two students Gunnar Nisbeth and John Uggla have read the youth magazine The comrade, where an article has urged readers to "get more familiar with Youth's free movement - sports". Today (2022) is IFK Norrköping, as the association is now called, one of the laws in football Allsvenskan.
- 1906 - The right-wing politician Arvid Lindman succeeds the liberal Karl Staaff as Prime Minister of Sweden. Staaff is forced to resign, since the right has objected of his government suffrage proposals, which include majority voting in single-member constituencies.
- 1913 - The Russian composer Igor Stravinsky ballet Spring sacrifice premiered in Paris with choreography by Russian ballet Wacław Niżyński and set design and costumes by Nicholas K. Roerich. It is perceived as so different and provocative that a commotion breaks out in the salon and the police have to be called, as the audience is shocked by the motif of a young girl being sacrificed in order for spring to return.
- 1914 - The Canadian ship RMSEmpress of Ireland suffers shipwreck in the middle of the night Saint Lawrence River, when the Norwegian coal freighter SSCity in heavy fog the ship rams. Of the 1,477 people on board, 1,012 perish and only 465 are saved, as the ship capsizes very quickly and sinks in just 14 minutes.
- 1917 - The country joins in hopes of making territorial gains at the expense of the Ottoman Empire and in 1920 Greece receives several parts of Bulgaria and Turkey, but the Turkish land gains are lost in 1923.
- 1931 - The women's athletics competition Olympiad della Grazia begins in Florence, 11 nations are participating, until May 31
- 1938 - The disciplinary penalty flogging and dark detention is abolished from Swedish prisons. Thus it becomes forbidden to flog prisoners or place them in dark cells, as punishment for offenses committed in the prison.
- 1940 - The Swedish Parliament decides that the men who are not called up for Sweden's defense, because they are too young to have done military service or too old to participate in the regular armed forces, shall be organized in the home guard, barely two months after the German invasion of Denmark and Norway. It is expected that the Home Guard will thus include around 50,000 men, but after a few weeks, Colonel Gustaf Petri, who has been appointed head of the Home Guard, announce that 90,000 volunteers have joined.
- 1948 – United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) is established.
- 1953 - The New Zealand mountaineer Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Sherpas Tenzing Norgay will be the first to climb the world's highest mountain peak with certainty Mount Everest in The Himalayas in Nepal.
- 1975 - The oil refinery Scanraff opened outside Lysekil in Bohuslän. It is still today (2022) Sweden's largest oil refinery and, at the time of the opening, Sweden's most expensive investment to date, as it cost 1.47 billion kroner (which corresponds to 7.28 billion in 2008). Owners association The Oil Consumers' Association (OK) thus controls all stages in its production chain from crude oil source to finished gasoline.
- 1982 - The only 17-year-old Patrik Sjoberg breaks a new Swedish record in the high jump, by jumping 2.24 meters (one centimeter higher than Rune Almén's record from 1974). Later in the year, he improves the record by several centimeters, only to lose it at the end of the year Thomas Eriksson, which on September 18 jumps 2.27. The following year, however, Sjöberg regains the record with 2.33 metres.
- During a football match between English Liverpool FC and Italian Juventus F.C on Heysel Stadium in the Belgian capital Brussels riots break out in the stands between supporters, leading to widespread riots. 39 people die and 600 are injured. The event leads to Uefa bans all English football clubs from European competitions indefinitely and the ban is not lifted until 1991.
- The journalist Cat's Falcon and her friend Lena Gräns are found dead in a car in The Hammarby canal, where they are believed to have been since they were last seen alive on November 18, 1984 and that it was all an accident. In 2003, however, information emerged indicating that they may have been murdered by East Germans Stasi agents, because Falck has tracked down arms smuggling from Sweden to East Germany.
- 1999 – Charlotte Nilsson wins this year's edition of Eurovision Song Contest in Jerusalem with the song Take Me to Your Heaven with 163 points. This will be Sweden's fourth victory in the competition's history, after 1974, 1984 and 1991.
- 2001 - A referendum is held on the Danish island Bornholm on whether its five municipalities and the county should merge into one. Then the result is one yes is founded Bornholm's regional municipality on January 1, 2003.
- 2005 - In a European constitution. In the Spanish vote on February 20, the voters have said yes and on July 10 the Luxembourgers do the same, but with the French vote result and the fact that the Netherlands also votes no on June 1, the vote is postponed indefinitely in the other EU countries , which have intended to hold a vote on the constitution (Denmark, Poland, Portugal and Great Britain), while in Ireland and the Czech Republic voting is suspended. This means that the constitution has not yet been introduced (2022).