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28 June 2023

Wednesday, June 28, 2023

Today's name is: Leo. Congratulations on your name day!

This is week: 26

Day of the year is: 179 of total 365 days.

Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)

  • 1651Battle of Berestechko in current Ukraine between on the one hand the Khmelnytskyi uprising continues for another six years.
  • 1709 - A Swedish force of 22,000 men (of which 17,000 men participate in the battle) becomes under the king Charles XII:s and the generals Carl Gustaf Rehnskiölds, Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupts and Carl Gustaf Creutz command defeated by a Russian army of 45,000 men (of which 41,000 participate), led by Tsar Peter the Great and the generals Alexander Menshikov and Boris Sheremetev, i the battle of Poltava in present-day Ukraine.[a] This will be the biggest Swedish military defeat ever and the beginning to the end of the Swedish the great power era, because Charles XII's winning streak, which he has had until now in Great Nordic War, thus broken. The king succeeding with a few man escape to the Ottoman Empire, while the main part of the Swedish army three days later is forced surrender to the Russians, which leads to thousands of Swedish soldiers and their families ending up as Russian prisoners of war for many years to come.
  • 1776 - A British fleet of nine warships attacks under Admiral William Moultrie (after whom the fort is named after the battle) leads his 400 men to victory during the day-long battle, as the heavily damaged British ships are forced to retreat at the end of the day.
  • 1876The Ställdalen meteorite impact, others witnessed meteorite impact in Sweden
  • 1914 - The Austro-Hungarian Archduke and heir to the throne Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie von Chotek are murdered by the Bosnian Serb nationalist during a state visit to the Bosnian capital Sarajevo Gavrilo Princip, by him shooting them as they travel by car through the city. The assassination goes down in history as the shots in Sarajevo and becomes the triggering factor World War I, which erupts a month later. Because the assassin is a Serb, the Austro-Hungarian government issues an ultimatum on July 23 with far-reaching demands on Serbia, which the Serbs refuse to agree to. This in turn becomes the introduction to the so-called Black week, when Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia on July 28 and most of the European powers subsequently join the war according to the complicated alliance system that has been built up in Europe over the past decades.
  • 1919 - On the fifth anniversary of the shootings in Sarajevo is signed a peace treaty at Versailles outside the French capital of Paris, officially ending World War I (although the war has mostly ended by the truce in Compiègne Forest on 11 November 1918). During the half year that has passed between the standstill and the signing of the peace agreement has the victorious powers of the war conducted negotiations, while the losing power Germany has been invited to sign the agreement only after it has been completed (and thus has not been allowed to participate in the negotiations). The agreement's harsh conditions for Germany, with extensive land losses, large war reparations to the victorious powers and strong limitation of industry and military power, partly lead to the emergence of the so-called "the dagger thrust legend”, partly to the fact that during the 1920s Germany was hit by political and economic chaos, which in turn made it easier for the Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler's seizure of power during the 1930s and thus of World War II outbreak in 1939.
  • 1922 - Half a year after British and Irish representatives signed it on December 6, 1921 Anglo-Irish Agreement (as a consequence of that Irish War of Independence 1919–1921) erupts a civil war in Ireland between supporters and opponents of the agreement. The main points of the agreement mean that Ireland becomes an autonomous domino within it British Empire and that it essentially Protestant Northern Ireland is detached from the rest of Ireland and remains part of Great Britain. The supporters are those who accept this solution, while the opponents partly want Ireland to be completely free from Great Britain, partly for the whole island to remain an intact state. Although the civil war lasts for eleven months (until 24 May 1923), the agreement enters into force and the Irish Free State formed on December 6, 1922, on the day one year after the signing. At the end of the civil war, however, the supporter side is victorious and the Free State exists until 1937, when Ireland becomes a fully independent republic.
  • 1942 - The Germans begin this year's summer offensive on the Eastern Front during World War II in the surrounding area Kursk, with the goal of capturing the Soviet oil fields on the Caspian Sea. At first, the Germans manage to advance far, but do not reach all the way, before they are forced to call off the offensive in November. Instead, they get stuck at Stalingrad, where they a long and bloody battle forced to capitulate in early 1943, after which they lose the initiative on the Eastern Front.
  • 1948 - The Soviet one Communist Information Agency, which is a control institution, which must coordinate the communist rule and the development of communism within Eastern Bloc, lets rule out Yugoslavia out of the bloc, since discord has arisen between the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and the Yugoslav dictator Josip Broz Tito, as Tito refuses to bend to Stalin's will on several issues. This leads to Yugoslavia becoming the only communist country in Eastern Europe, as under Cold War not behind the iron curtain or is a member of the 1955 established The Warsaw Pact. It also means that the Soviet Union does not intervene against communist deviations in Yugoslavia, in the way that it does against The Hungarian Revolt 1956 and Prague Spring in Czechoslovakia in 1968.
  • 1950 - Only three days after North Korea has started The Korean War, by crossing the border into South Korea on June 25, the South Korean capital Seoul is captured by North Korean troops, despite the South Koreans having tried to stop them earlier that day by blowing up the Hangan Bridge over the Han River in the capital. Thus, the war could have been over with a North Korean victory, but when UN forces under American leadership arrive at the beginning of July, the North Koreans are beaten back and the war continues for another three years.
  • 2015Serbia wins European Women's Basketball Championship 2015 by defeating France 76-68 in Budapest.