Torsdag den 22:e juni år 2023
Today's name is: Paulina, Paula. Congratulations on your name day!
This is week: 25
Day of the year is: 173 of total 365 days.
Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)
- 217 BC - One hoplite phalanx out of the Egyptian army, said to consist of 82,000 men and 73 elephants, led by Pharaoh Ptolemy IV Philopator, defeats a Seleucid army, said to have consisted of 68,000 men and 100 elephants, led by Antiochus III, i the battle of Rafia near Gaza (in present-day Palestine). Realizing the military power they have, the hoplites (the original inhabitants of Egypt) begin to demand more privileges, leading to the development of racial differences, which in turn will weaken the Ptolemaic dynasty in the future. Although after the battle Ptolemy IV retains the initiative in it Fourth Syrian War he begins, on his prime minister Seleucia Pieria.
- 168 BC - A Roman army of 29,000 men, led by Lucius Aemilius Paullus, defeats a Macedonian army of 44,000 men led by King Perseus in the battle of Pydna (in South Macedonia). The Roman losses amount to around 1,000 men, while the Macedonians lose upwards of 25,000 soldiers – the battle is a decisive Roman victory, ending that of Alba Fucens near Rome.
- 816 - Then Leo III has passed away on June 12 is elected Stephen IV to the Pope. Stefan himself dies after just over six months (in January 817), but manages to live his life 3pontificate with crowning the Roman emperor Louis the Pious.
- 1634 - The Swedish king Gustav II Adolf is buried in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm. It has then been over a year and a half since he fell the battle of Lützen (November 6, 1632), but because of the ongoing The thirty-year war has it taken so long to bring his body home from Germany to Sweden. It has previously been argued that the fact that his wife Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg keeping his heart after burial is a sign of her hysterical and excessive love for her husband, but keeping the embalmed heart is not unusual for surviving widows and widowers at this time.
- 1815 - The French Emperor Napoleon I is forced to abdicate for the second time, four days after he has suffered defeat in the battle of Waterloo. During the so-called the hundred days Napoleon has returned from his exile on the Mediterranean island of Elba and proclaimed himself emperor again, but now he is exiled to the South Atlantic island Saint Helena, from where he does not manage to escape, but dies there in 1821.
- 1940 - After France has been defeated by Germany in a month and a half the German attack on the Western Front (which began on May 10) during the Second World War ends an armistice between the two countries in Compiègne forest a few miles north of Paris. The stoppage ends at the same place and in the same railway carriage where the Germans were forced to surrender to the Entente at the end of the First World War in 1918, because the German dictator Adolf Hitler as much as possible shall humiliate France and in the best way avenge the so-called the dagger thrust legend. The armistice is signed on behalf of France by General Charles Huntziger and means that Germany will occupy the northern and western parts of France, that the Germans who have happened to be French prisoners of war will be released (but not vice versa), that the French military force will be limited to 100,000 men and that Germany will gain control over it French Navy i Toulon. However, the fleet heads for Algeria, where its ships are either sunk or taken over by the British navy, thus escaping German control.
- 1941 - Germany and its allies begin Operation Barbarossa, which is a giant attack on the European Eastern Front and involves German invasion of the Soviet Union, in defiance of the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact from 1939. Adolf Hitler's goal with the operation is to create "living space" (German: Lebensraum) for German Third Reich and to crush Bolshevism. The operation is named after the 12th century German-Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. The Germans believe that the operation should be completed quickly, but after six months they are forced to cancel the operation, as it has failed and they have suffered various setbacks (among other things the fact that the war winter of 1941-1942 will be one of the coldest in living memory).
- 1942 - Three days after the Swedish steamship Ada Gorthon has left Luleå, she is torpedoed and sunk by a Soviet submarine in Swedish waters just east of Öland. The ship is currently on its way to Germany with iron ore and sinks in seconds, with only 8 of the 22 crewmen on board surviving. The Soviet Union denies any involvement in the incident and claims that it is instead a German torpedo that has sunk the steamer.
- 1944 - Soviet troops begin Operation Bagration, through which Belarus and the Baltics intend to crush the middle German army group on the Eastern Front (Army Group Mitte). The operation is named after the Russian general and national war hero Pyotr Bagration, which fell under Napoleon's Russian campaign 1812, and thus begins on the third anniversary of the German invasion of the Soviet Union. It lasts until August of the same year and becomes a decisive Soviet success.
- 1983 - The Danish The Progress Party's party leader Mogens Glistrup sentenced to three years in prison for tax crimes (he serves two of them and is released in 1985). As early as 1971, the lawyer Glistrup appeared before the Danish people and told them that he has not paid taxes for several years and that he regards tax evaders as "the freedom heroes of our time". The following year, he founded the Progress Party with reduced taxes as an important issue. With the verdict, Glistrup loses his place in The Folketing, but after his release is re-elected in 1986.
- 2004 - The Belgian mass murderer Marc Dutroux sentenced to life imprisonment for the kidnapping, rape, torture and murder of at least six girls between the ages of eight and nineteen during the period 1995–1996. He was detained as early as 1996, but managed to escape in 1998, which, together with the long-term investigation, has led to the fact that the trial in this Belgium's most notable legal case ever could not begin until March 1, 2004