Saturday, September 2, 2023
Today's name is: Justus, Justina. Congratulations on your name day!
This is week: 35
Day of the year is: 245 of total 365 days.
Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)
- 1666 – The big fire in London starts and rages until 5 September. The fire broke out on Sunday morning, September 2, 1666. This city fire destroyed virtually the whole of London. The city fire of 1212 was known as "the great fire" before the fire of 1666, but the size of the fire of 1666 is so extensive that it may take over the epithet. The great fire that broke out on December 28, 1940 due to Luftwaffes bombers are often called "the other big fire". One of the greatest disasters to ever hit London in its history was this fire in 1666. 13,200 houses, 87 churches, 6 chapels and 44 corporate buildings were destroyed. Four bridges over the Thames and Fleet as well as three city gates are also destroyed. Most of the buildings in London at the time were constructed of highly flammable materials such as wood and straw, which makes it easy for the fire to burn. One sixth of London's population at the time became homeless and it numbered about 100,000 people. Possibly several hundred up to maybe thousands perish in the flames. Christopher Wren led the work of rebuilding the city. His first plans are to rebuild the city with bricks and stones in a grid of continental squares and avenues. In 1667, the parliament introduced an extra tax on coal to finance the reconstruction and the city was finally rebuilt to its former city plan with the difference that everything was built with brick and stone as well as improved sanitary facilities and access. This is the big reason why today's London is a modern city with medieval designed streets and squares. Christopher Wren also rebuilt St Paul's Cathedral eleven years after the fire.
- 1675 – Denmark explaining Sweden war which is the beginning of the Scanian war. The war is fought between Denmark-Norway, Brandenburg and Sweden. In Sweden mainly on Scanian and bohuslänsk land, as well as in the north Germany the war is taking place.
- 1854 – Bomarsund Fortress on Åland blown up by the Anglo-French conquerors.
- 1877 – James Craig Watson detects asteroid 174 Phaedra .
- 1945 – Japanese official capitulation takes place on board USSMissouri, since the Japanese have accepted unconditional surrender it August 14th. Present is general Douglas MacArthur and Admiral Chester Nimitz for the United States and Secretary of State Mamoru Shigemitsu and Yoshihiro Umetsu for Japan.
- 1958 – The news program Currently broadcast for the first time.
- 1967 - The distance Östermalmstorg–Ropsten opens in Stockholm metro.
- 1990 – Transnistria declares itself independent of Moldova.3
- 1998 - The accident with Swissair Flight 111. The plane crashes in the sea in Atlantic outside Nova Scotia in Canada. It took a long time to salvage the black box due to the water depth at the accident site. The accident is considered to have been a contributing factor to Swissair was forced into bankruptcy. All 229 people on board die. They give up hope of finding any survivors from the accident after 3 September. Before the expected winter storms - on October 2, 1998, a larger part of the aircraft was salvaged from the sea and in total they managed to salvage around 27% of the fuselage. The accident is believed to have been caused by incorrect wiring in the cockpit together with the video entertainment system in the aircraft overheating. The accident report will be completed and released in 2003. When the entire salvage operation was completed in 1999, 98% had been salvaged by the aircraft, and it became an extensive 126 tonnes. Three years later, in 2002, the airline leaves Swissair in bankruptcy after a number of bad deals and poor profitability in combination with increased competition and recession.
- 2001 – The Mediterranean Games 2001 arranged in Tunis, Tunisia.
- 2005 – M / S Costa Concordia launched. The huge one Costa Concordia capsizes after 7 years of service in shipping on January 13 2012 on the island of Giglio off Tuscany. 32 people died.
- 2003 – Sweden takes bronze at the Czech Republic.