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19 :e Juli år 2023

Onsdag den 19:e juli år 2023

Today's name is: Sara. Congratulations on your name day!

This is week: 29

Day of the year is: 200 of total 365 days.

Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)

  • 711 - The Muslim commander Tariq ibn-Ziyad leads his forces to victory over the Visigothic king Roderick's here in the battle of Guadalete in present-day southern Spain, as part of the Arab conquest of the Iberian Peninsula. It will be a decisive victory for the Umayyads, when Roderik falls in battle, and it leads to his Visigothic kingdom perishes after existing for almost 300 years (since 418).
  • 1333 - The Scottish troops of 13,000 men, as under that Second War of Scottish Independence trying to rescue the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed, , thoroughly defeated by 9,000 Englishmen in David II to go into exile in France for almost ten years.
  • 1545 - At the end of Tudor naval warfare.
  • 1553 - The sixteen-year-old lady Jane Grey is deposed from the English throne after only nine days as The reigning Queen of England. Four days after the young king Edward VI's died on July 6 has her uncle and guardian John Dudley on 10 July proclaimed her queen, in an attempt to prevent Edward's Catholic half-sister Maria to conquer the throne. The plan fails, however, when Jane is deposed and Mary is proclaimed Queen Reign, which she remains until her death in 1558. Dudley is executed a month after the deposition, while Jane is subsequently also sentenced to death and is executed in February of the following year.
  • 1870 - France declares war against Prussia, but the war, which lasts until the following year, becomes a disaster for France, which is neither militarily nor politically prepared for war. The war has many underlying causes, the most important of which for France is trying to hinder the work of the Prussian Chancellor Otto von Bismarck conducts in order to unite all German-speaking states into one nation, because the French do not want a strong neighbor in the east, but for the Germans to remain divided and weak. The igniting spark to the war is considered to be the so-called The Ems dispatch a week earlier.
  • 1940 - A little over a week after the Germans have started to prepare the battle of britain during World War II, the German dictator holds Adolf Hitler a speech in the German Reichstag, where he offers Britain peace, because he doesn't really want Germany and Britain to fight on different sides in the war. Then Winston Churchill took office as British Prime Minister in May, however, the British have decided not to agree to any other end to the war than the unconditional surrender of the Germans and the British Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax therefore rejects the peace invitation in a radio address on 22 July. This leads to the Germans continuing to prepare Operation Seelöwe, which is the code name for a German invasion of Britain.
  • 1941 - Happens Krylbosmällen.
  • 1949Kingdom of Laos gets semi-autonomy from the colonial power France, by becoming "a state associated with France".[3] Laos has been included in the colony French Indochina until World War II, when it was occupied by Japan. In 1945, the country declared full independence, but France soon regained control. However, the French are now forced, as I said, to agree to give it some autonomy, at the same time as The Indochina War ongoing in the area. At the end of the war, Laos became fully independent in 1953 and then remained a kingdom until 1975, when the monarchy was overthrown in a coup d'état.
  • 1977Elvis Presley- the album Moody Blue is released in the US and features songs recorded in a portable studio in Elvis' home. It will be his last studio album (the very last album will be Elvis in Concert, which will be released on October 3), as he dies just under a month later.
  • 1979 - Two days after the Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle has resigned and fled abroad, his government is also overthrown, by de the Sandinista revolutionaries captures the capital Managua and thereby wins it Nicaraguan Revolution (a civil war, which has been going on since 1961). However, the policies of the Sandinista regime are not popular and a new civil war immediately breaks out, which lasts until 1990.
  • 19801980 Summer Olympics inaugurated in Moscow by President Leonid Brezhnev.
  • 1987 - Fifty barrels of wood tar are found in Vanån outside Vansbro in Dalarna creosote at a bathing place. The agent is used to impregnate railway sleepers and upon further investigation it turns out that it is the state-owned Swedish railway company State railways (SJ) who have dumped the barrels on the site during the 1960s.
  • 1989United Airlines Flight 232, en route from Denver to Philadelphia, crashes while attempting to land in Sioux City, Iowa shortly after 3:00 p.m. Already an hour earlier, an engine has broken and they have managed to bring the plane to Sioux City, but because of the engine failure it is difficult to achieve precision in the landing, the plane hits the ground hard and skids on its side, before it becomes upside down and one the wing starts to burn. The rescue operation is somewhat delayed, as the emergency vehicles first go to the wrong runway, but despite this only 110 passengers and 1 crewman perish out of the total of 296 people on board.
  • 19961996 Summer Olympics inaugurated in Atlanta by President Bill Clinton.
  • 2007 – 23 South Korean missionaries are taken hostage by the Taliban in Ghazni Province in southeastern Afghanistan. Two of the hostages are killed during the course of the drama, while the rest are held for over a month, before negotiations with the South Korean government come to an agreement on the hostages' release. Two women are released on August 13 and the rest of the hostages are released on August 29 and 30. In return, South Korea is forced to agree to withdraw 200 by the end of the year at the latest soldiers from Afghanistan.
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