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16 :e Juli år 2023

Söndag den 16:e juli år 2023

Today's name is: Reinhold. Congratulations on your name day!

This is week: 28

Day of the year is: 197 of total 365 days.

Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)

  • 622 - The Prophet Muhammad fleeing Mecca, there his new doctrine is not accepted, to Yathrib, which shortly afterwards instead receives the name "City of the Prophet" (Arabic: Madinat an-Nabi, which in short form becomes Medina) and there the first Muslim society begins to be created. This escape, which is called Hijra, becomes the starting point for it Muslim calendar, which thus counts the year 622 of the Christian era as its year 1. During the ten years until Muhammad's death (632), the new religion expands its domains over the whole Arabian Peninsula and in the following century it expands throughout the Middle East, North Africa and Iberian Peninsula.
  • 1048Benedict IX is deposed after eight months as pope and when Poppo of Curagnoni is elected pope the following day (with the name Damasus II) he has Benedict immediately excommunicated, as he is accused of simony (to buy or sell ecclesiastical offices). He has been pope three times (1032–1044, spring 1045 and since November 1047) and resigned in 1044 by selling the papacy to his godfather Gregory VI. What happens to Benedict after this third and final departure is somewhat unclear, but he probably dies in the mid-1050s.
  • 1054 - Since the Eastern (Orthodox) and the Western (Catholic) Christian churches have drifted further and further apart for several centuries, this day occurs what is considered the culmination of the break between them,[3] by pontificating Leo IX's envoy Cardinal Athenagoras I at a joint meeting has the bans lifted. The break between the two churches, which both claim to preach the true teachings of Jesus Christ, still remains today (2022).
  • 1212 - A Christian force of 50,000 men defeats a Muslim army of 200,000 men in the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa. This will be a decisive victory for the Christians and the turning point in the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula, which has been going on since the Muslim invasion of 711. Although the reconquest takes almost another 300 years, it is now the Christians who have gained the initiative in the struggle for the peninsula and during the rest of the 13th century most of what is now southern Spain and Portugal (except the Emirate of Granada, which did not fall until 1492).
  • 1465 - A Burgundian force of 20,000 men under Count Charles the Bold of Charolais leadership fighting a French army of 15,000 men, led by the French king Louis XI in the Franco-Burgundian war significantly.
  • 1661 - The bank Stockholm Banco (which is the predecessor of Swedish National Bank, founded in 1668) begins publishing Europe's first banknotes, which will be much easier to handle than copper coins (especially the giant copper coins of several kilos, which have been issued just before). These first notes are credits, which should be redeemable for copper in the bank, but they become so popular during the years of issue 1661–1664 that people even pay a premium for them. In addition, the bank succumbs to the temptation to issue more notes than they have coverage for, which leads to a drop in value. In 1664, therefore, the issue of banknotes is withdrawn and the banknotes are withdrawn - which means that the value starts to rise again.
  • 1705 - A Swedish force of 7,000 men under Major General Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupts command defeats a Russian twice its size here, led by Field Marshal Boris Sheremetev in the battle of Gemauerthof in Livonia. However, the Swedish victory will only be symbolic, as the Russians can soon regroup, while Lewenhaupt's here is not in combat condition, when in August the Russians invade Courland and the Swedes retreat to Riga. In addition, the Swedish main army is currently underway Great Nordic War focused on the fight against Poland, which is going on at the same time.
  • 1860 – The steamboat channel Tamm's channel in Hälsingland is inaugurated, two years after its completion in 1858. It has been commissioned by and named after Baron Per Adolf Tamm, who had it built to transport iron ore from Bergslagen via the Gulf of Bothnia to their blast furnaces at Dellensjöarna. Tamm has plans to extend the canal, but the construction of a railway means that this will never happen, and after 16 years the canal is no longer used for iron ore shipping, as a railway has been built on the same stretch.
  • 1945 - The American army carries out the so-called The Trinity Test, where the world's first test explosion of a atomic bomb. This is part of the so-called The Manhattan Project, where American scientists have been trying to produce such a bomb since 1942. The test is carried out in the desert ten miles northwest of the atomic age.
  • 1952 - The Swedish fighter HSEHalland(J18) launched at Götaverken in Gothenburg. Along with its sister ship HSESmåland(J19) (launched 23 October of the same year) she will constitute the so-called Halland-class, which will be the largest and most powerful fighter class, ever included in Swedish Navy. These two ships will also be the first in the world to be equipped with naval target robots. Halland remains in service until 1987 when she is scrapped and then scrapped in Spain. The sister ship Småland taken out of service as early as 1979 and decommissioned in 1984, but then becomes a museum ship in the port of Gothenburg, where she is still today (2022).
  • 1969 - The lunar lander Apollo 11 postponed from John F. Kennedy Space Center at half past ten in the morning. This will be the culmination of the American the space race against the Soviet Union, as it becomes the first manned lunar mission and two of its crew land on the moon, when Apollo 11 lands there four days later.
  • 2019 – The trotting star Aubrion du Gers frontal collisions with the stablemate ]