Torsdag den 10:e augusti år 2023
Today's name is: Lars. Congratulations on your name day!
This is week: 32
Day of the year is: 222 of total 365 days.
Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)
- 654 - After the papacy has stood empty for over a year (since Martin I has been deposed on 17 June of the previous year, is elected Eugene I to new pope. Because it is the Byzantine Emperor Constance II who has deposed Martin, it is also probable that it is at the emperor's command that Eugenius takes office, with the intention of being more accommodating to the emperor. However, this is not the case and eventually the deposed Martin also gives his approval to Eugenius' pontificate, which shows that he continues to assert the papacy's position against the emperor. After Eugenius has rejected a letter of reconciliation from the patriarch Peter in Constantinople, it looks like he will meet the same fate as Martin, but when the Muslims invade Rhodes soon after, the emperor has other things to think about, and already in 657, Eugenius dies.
- 1387 - One week after the Danish-Norwegian king Olof Håkanssons unexpected death, only 17 years old, his mother takes over Queen Margaret the rule of Denmark, when the nobles choose her to be the Danish head of state. The following year she was also elected as reigning queen of Norway, when Olof was also king there, as his father was the Norwegian king Håkan Magnusson. In 1389 she also becomes the reigning queen of Denmark and in addition she makes an alliance with the Swedish nobles against the Swedish king Albrecht of Mecklenburg, which she succeeds in deposing, after which she also becomes the reigning queen of Sweden.
- 1501 - About a week after that a Swedish rebellion has erupted against the Danish union king His, by the fact that Swedish bigwigs have "denounced faith and obedience to the king" (August 1), the whole thing takes on more concrete forms, by a Swedish rebel army beginning to besiege Örebro house, where it loathed the bailiff Jöns Falster resides. When King Hans learns of this two days later, he leaves Stockholm for Copenhagen to raise an army to put down the rebellion, leaving his queen behind Christina of Saxony in Stockholm, to lead the defense there. Jöns Falster will hold out until the late winter of 1502, when he is forced to capitulate and the insurgents can take Örebrohus. Although Falster gets a free lease to Stockholm, he is soon afterwards beaten to death by angry townspeople in Arboga.
- 1519 - The Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan begins the world's first circumnavigation, when he with five ships (Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepcion, Victoria and Santiago) leaves the port of Seville. After sailing down the river Guadalquivir however, the expedition gets stuck for a month in the coastal city Sanlúcar de Barrameda, before the Spanish authorities let the expedition go on September 20. After that, the journey goes first to South America, where several beach cuts are made, before sailing through the healthy, which is named after the expedition leader and can then set out on the Pacific Ocean. The April 27 In 1521, Magellan is killed in the Philippines, but the expedition continues until it can finally return to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in September 1522, after three years of travel.
- 1537 - Gustav Vasa allows the construction of the new one to begin Gripsholm Castle. There has been a castle on the site since the 14th century, when the then owner Bo Jonsson Grip had it built and this has temporarily, since the end of the 15th century, been part of a monastery. After the king has now taken it over, he has the old castle completely demolished and a new one built, which is supposed to become part of Sweden's permanent defence. In 1545, the construction is basically complete, although several additions are also made in the coming years. The castle becomes historically known as "royal prison", then king Erik XIV lets put his brother Duke Johan under house arrest there 1563–1567 and Johan then keeps Erik prisoner there (1571–1573) after he has been deposed. Also king Gustav IV Adolf spends a few weeks under house arrest at the castle after his deposition in 1809.
- 1628 - The new Swedish warship Vasa shipwrecks on the Stockholm Stream. Three years have been spent building the ship at the current shipyard Blasieholmen and the idea is that it should be put into the war against Poland. Various tests have also shown that the ship is too tall (that is, too high and unstable) to be able to sail properly, preparations are being made for departure, which therefore takes place on this day. However, the ship only gets a few hundred meters before the wind catches it and causes it to capsize on the Current. So it doesn't even make it to Dalarö, where soldiers are waiting to board. The subsequent investigation states that the sinking is not the fault of any single person and therefore no one is convicted for the disaster. The ship will then rest at the bottom of the Strömmen for almost 333 years, before being salvaged in April 1961. Nowadays it is one of Stockholm's biggest tourist attractions and can be found at The Vasa Museum at Djurgården.
- 1675 – Greenwich Observatory begins to be built according to drawings by the architect Christopher Wren. It is ready the following summer and will eventually play an important role in astronomy and navigation. The meridian which passes through the observatory becomes known as Greenwich meridian and then becomes the starting point as the "zero meridian" and the one from which the world time zones is deleted.
- 1792 - The French Royal Palace The Tuileries in Paris, where the royal family resides, stormed by the National Guard. During the spring and summer of 1792, the tensions between the king and the revolutionary The National Assembly increased dramatically, as the king has put in his veto against several reform proposals that have been tried to be introduced. On August 1, news has reached Paris that the Prussians and Austrians (with whom France is at war) intend to take bloody revenge on Paris if the royal family is harmed (among other things when the queen, Marie Antoinette, originally from Austria). To prevent this and put the royal family in safe custody, the storming of the palace is carried out on this day. This leads to King Louis XVI on September 21 of the same year is deposed and the French monarchy is abolished the following day. It will also be the beginning of the so-called "The reign of terror” led by the politician Maximilien de Robespierre.
- 1793 - The Royal Palace The Louvre in Paris is opened to the public as an art museum. Then of the French Revolution outbreak in 1789, the French state has collected a number of works of art, not least from executed and escaped nobles, and these have been stored in the palace. That's why you get the idea to display them in this way and over time the Louvre becomes the world's most famous museum, where, among other things, Leonardo da Vinci's world famous painting Mona Lisa will be stored.
- 1808 - A Swedish army of around 2300 men under the command of general Georg Carl von Döbeln defeats a Russian army of 1150 men, led by the Battle of Lappo on 14 July the war has been at a standstill, but with the Swedish victory at Kauhajoki it begins to move again, leading to the Swedish victory at Jutas on 13 September, but also the defeat at Oravais the following day.
- 1821 – Missouri is admitted as the 24th state in the American Union. The state remains a slave state, but chooses under 3The American civil war 40 years later to remain in the Union.
- 1969 - The day after the actor Sharon Tate and four of her guests have been murdered in her luxury villa in Los Angeles by members of The Manson Family the "family" commits another murder. After the leader Charles Manson has been disappointed with the way the members have carried out the murder of Tate and her guests, he brings them along to show "how it's supposed to be done". After a few hours of thinking about who will be the next victim, they stop at another villa and murder the residents there, the business owner Leno LaBianca and his wife Rosemary.
- 1975 - The newspaper Today's news and Royal Philharmonic Orchestra arranges for the first time the outdoor concert "The Philharmonic in the green” at Gärdet in Stockholm. The newspaper's marketing manager at the time The 2019-2021 coronavirus pandemic had to be done digitally and was then called "The Philharmonic in the Blue" (with an allusion to the fact that the concert could be seen "in the cloud", i.e. on the internet).
- 1987 - Police and youth gangs collide in Kungsträdgården and Stockholm, which will be the culmination of the so-called The Kungsträdgård riots, which has been running since the spring of the same year. Around 150 young people aged 15–17 are arrested, but most are soon released. During the riots, which have been going on at weekends, the youths have vandalized property worth thousands of kroner, but with the intervention this day, the riots subsided. However, the police are criticized for inciting the youth. One of the young people involved is Paolo Roberto, who in the same year has appeared in the film Stockholm night where he plays himself and which is about the problems of youth.
- The Russian-Ukrainian the cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko becomes the first person to marry in space. The wedding takes place when he is at International Space Station about 390 kilometers above New Zealand, while his bride, Yekaterina Dmitrieva, is in Texas.
- The beam track Okinawa Monorail is inaugurated and thus becomes the first train line on the Japanese island Okinawa since World War II. The line is just under 13 kilometers long and runs from the airport to the city center Naha on the island. Thanks to the island's location far southwest of mainland Japan, this line contains Japan's southernmost and westernmost railway stations.