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1 :e September år 2023

Fredag den 1:e september år 2023

Today's name is: Samuel, Sam. Congratulations on your name day!

This is week: 35

Day of the year is: 244 of total 365 days.

Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)

  • 1625The great fire of 1625 in Old Town in Stockholm. A fire breaks out in the evening in Kåkbrinken i Stockholm and a large part of the southwest Old Town burns down. This is the start of the 17th century's major transformation of the city. The fire becomes a disaster, which completely destroys the south-western part of Stadsholmen. There is a strong wind blowing The measurer and the fire cannot be stopped but spreads rapidly among the wooden houses and the wood stores in the narrow alleys. Strong wind provides good nourishment for the fire. A large area south of Kåkbrinken and west of Västerlånggatan is completely destroyed. The fire, which reaches all the way to the Västerlånggatan stone house, means that the German church is threatened for a while. The fire lasts for three days and destroys a fifth of what was then Stockholm. One result of the fire disaster is a tightening of fire prevention measures, which means that fire marshals and fire marshals must inspect chimneys and clapboard roofs and make sure that the houses have the required extinguishing equipment.
  • 1736Swedish law, replacing the medieval laws Kristofer's national team from 1442 (which is based on Magnus Eriksson's national team from 1350 and the city law (also that of 1350), enters into force and is issued by Jacob Wilde. Since it was adopted in 1734, it is also known as 1734 Act and although it has since been heavily modified, it is still the legal text in force in Sweden. Jacob Wilde was a draftsman, academic and civil servant. He was a professor of history, eloquence, law and Greek, cabinet secretary in Holstein and Swedish royal national historiographer.
  • 1804Carl Ludwig Harding detects asteroid 3 June.
  • 1854James Ferguson detects asteroid 31 Euphrosyne.
  • 1920 - The French found the state Lebanon with Beirut as the capital. The Lebanon area was proclaimed in 1920 as its own state under France's NF mandate (État du Grand Liban) and has the country's current borders.
  • 1923 - They Japanese the cities Tokyo and Yokohama affected by a strong earthquake (with strength 7.9 on Richter scale) and at the same time a large ravaging fire that claimed 140,000 lives and destroyed approximately 700,000 houses. The fire destroys roughly 40% of the city and a total of more than 440,000 buildings, which is the majority of the destroyed buildings. The remaining 260,000 buildings are destroyed by the earthquake. Due to broken water lines, fire fighting was impaired and the fire can spread more violently. The economic losses from the earthquake have been estimated at 100 billion US dollars. One reason why the great fire is so extensive is that most Japanese cities at this time are built of wood. The hot, dry and windy conditions prevailing in Tokyo contribute to the large fire.
  • 1939WWII begins when German troops cross the border at 04.40 Poland.
  • 1948SAAB 29 “Tunnan” flying for the first time.
  • 1949Adidas is created on September 1, 1949 when the three stripes, die drei Streifen, become a registered trademark. In 1952 Adidas was at the Olympic Games in Helsinki. Adidas is in modern times a German multinational company that manufactures clothing and shoes for a range of sports and everyday use. Adidas is one of the world's biggest brands in the sportswear industry and is found all over the world. However, Adidas had a small stealth start already in the 1920s when the brothers Adolf Dassler and Rudolf Dassler together start making shoes and quickly achieve success. In 1924, there are twelve employees and daily manufacture around 50 pairs of shoes. From 1925, Adolf Dassler manufactures his first football boots. In 1927, the number of employees has increased to 25 and 100 pairs of shoes are produced per day. The first factory is ready. In 1928 and 1932, it had the honor of being the supplier of shoes to the German Olympic team. In 1932, the German athlete Arthur Jonath takes bronze in the 100 meters with Adolf Dassler's shoes. After the war, the American army seizes the factory. Dassler is commissioned to manufacture skates. In 1947, the American army's rule over the company ends and in the same vein, the brothers Rudi and Adi Dassler decide to go their separate ways.
  • 1951 - The defense pact ANZUS is created between Australia, New Zealand and USA. It is signed on September 1, 1951 and enters into force in April 1952. Its headquarters are located in Canberra, Australia.
  • 1969 - Officers led by Muammar al-Gaddafi ]
  • 1971BREEZE formed in Sweden by the author Gunnel Linde and the journalist Berit Hedeby after a three-year-old girl was beaten to death by her stepfather earlier in the year.[4]
  • 1983The KAL 007 incident occurs, when passenger aircraft on the way from Anchorage in Alaska to South Korea's capital Seoul gets off course into Soviet airspace and shot down.
  • 1985 - The wreck of the luxury cruiser Titanic, which was wrecked on its maiden voyage 1912, is found for the first time. It is an American-French expedition led by Robert Ballard that succeeds in finding the wreck. It takes a full 73 years before the Titanic's wreck is finally found. It is not known exactly where the wreck is and is the reason why it takes so long to find the ship. The great depth of the sea is also a concern. Equipment that can withstand an ambient pressure of around 370 kg per square centimeter is required as the ship is assumed to be more than 3,700-3,800 meters below the surface of the water. Technology also plays a big role in the search, as you previously did not have access to advanced computer technology. After the expansion of modern technology with submarines and the possibility of taking sharp pictures far below the surface of the water, an American-French expedition led by Jean-Loius Michel and Robert Ballard on September 1, 1985 finally manages to locate the wreck at a depth of 3,810 meters. For the first time, after submarines with advanced camera technology searched the wreck site, it is understood that the ship has been broken into two parts and is lying on the bottom about 500 meters away. This changes the perception of how the sinking happened - as it was previously believed that the wreck sank as a whole ship. The discovery of the wreck of the Titanic causes a great stir and is soon front page news around the world.
  • 1986 - The Japanese gaming company Nintendo launches Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) i Sweden. The Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) became an instant hit in the fast-growing video game market.
  • 1990 – The subway station Unter den Linden in Berlin is opened again, so that after 29 years you can go again subway between East- and West Berlin.