Torsdag den 1:e juni år 2023
Today's name is: Gun, Gunnel. Congratulations on your name day!
This is week: 22
Day of the year is: 152 of total 365 days.
Historical events this day: (from Wikipedia)
- 193 - The Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is murdered in his palace by a troop of soldiers, after the Roman Senate has issued a death sentence against him. He has only been emperor for two months (since March 28), but has already become unpopular with both the people and the senate, having bought himself the title of emperor by bribing the Praetorian Guard. Lately, he has also come to the brink of this, since it has become clear that he does not intend to fulfill the promises he has made. To get rid of him, the sentence of death is thus issued and executed this day.
- 1442 - The Nordic Union king Eric of Pomerania is deposed in Norway, three years after he has been deposed in Sweden and Denmark (1439). He has then been king of Norway for almost 53 years (since 1389), but when he through his war with The Hanseatic League has become more and more unpopular as king, he is now finally driven from all his Nordic thrones. He retreats to Gotland, and for seven years engages in piracy in the Baltic Sea, with Visby as his base, before he is driven away from there in 1449 and then lives his last ten years (until 1459) as Duke of Pomerania.
- 1533 – Anne Boleyn crowned Queen of England.
- 1676 - A Danish-Dutch fleet of 42 ships, led by Niels Juel, defeats a Swedish squadron of 57 ships, under the command of Lorentz Creutz the Elder in the battle of Öland's southern cape. The Swedish flagship the regal ship The crown, armed with 126 guns, explodes and goes to the bottom, after the fire has broken out on board and reached the powder store, killing Creutz, along with 850 other sailors. The Swedish defeat leads to the Danes gaining dominion over the seas and a month later (June 29) can begin their landing in Skåne (at Råå fishing grounds), to regain the East Danish the provinces (Skåne, Halland and Blekinge), which were lost to Sweden at peace in Roskilde 1658.
- 1719 - The Swedish state is starting to collect the so-called the emergency coins, which have been minted and in circulation since 1715. These coins have a much larger nominal value (the value stamped on the coin) than the value of the silver content in the coin, which has led to strong Swedish inflation and the coins are therefore not popular. A week later, the coins are returned to the owner, but they are now worth 2 öre silver coins, instead of, as before, 32 öre. The owners also receive written proof that, when possible, the state will refund 14 öre of the value, against redemption of the coins, while the other 16 öre is deducted to the crown. In 1724, the value of the coins was reduced to 1 öre silver coin and it was as late as the 1760s before all coins were redeemed for the crown.
- 1792 – Kentucky is recorded as the 15th the state in it American Union. As early as 1783, the area became unorganized American territory and in 1788 it was part of Virginia, when it was admitted as a state. The state of Kentucky is thus a separation from Virginia, which is due to the fact that that state is very large in surface area, which means that it is far and dangerous for the people of Kentucky to travel to the state capital, Richmond, which in turn makes it difficult to manage the military defense against the Indians , as all matters relating to this must be approved by the governor of the capital. In addition, Kentucky residents are unhappy that the state government is impeding their trade on the Mississippi River.
- 1796 – Tennessee is admitted as the 16th state to be admitted to the American Union. This will be the first state to be created from territory administered by the US federal government.
- 1899 - Duke of Närke Prince Eugene inaugurate an industrial and handicraft exhibition in Örebro, which runs over the summer. The exhibition also includes an agricultural meeting from 1 to 4 June.
- After Rashid Ali al-Gaylani has carried out Farhud, in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, against the city's Jews. Rashid Ali al-Gaylani sympathizes with Nazism and the Jews are also said to have helped the British during the war. During the pogrom, which lasts until the following day, between 175 and 780 Jews are killed and around 1000 are injured.
- Battle of Crete is terminated.
- 1946 – Ion Antonescu, accused of supporting the German invasion of the Soviet Union, is executed at Jilava prison in the outskirts of Bucharest. Also Mihai Antonescu (Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs), Gheorghe Alexianu (Governor of Transnistria) and Constantin Z. Vasiliu (Chief of Police) is executed on this occasion.
- 1949 - Great Britain recognizes Emirate of Cyrenaica, since its leader Idris has declared its independence from British military administration on 1 March. Just two years later, it becomes a province in the United States Kingdom of Libya, with Idris as king.
- 1958 – A new election for the Swedish second chamber is held, on account of the coalition government between the Social Democrats and the Center Party has burst on the pension issue and the negotiations between the five Riksdag parties (the Communist Party, the Social Democrats, the Center Party, the People's Party and the Right Party) regarding the pension have stalled. The bourgeois parties have not considered themselves able to form a new government, so Prime Minister Take Erlander has formed a new government, who he has said will resign, if no solution is reached in the pension issue. The result of the election is that the socialist bloc advances with four mandates at the expense of the bourgeois, but since the distribution of mandates between the blocs becomes 115 equal (since the speaker is a social democrat and therefore has no voting rights), Erlander does not present his pension proposal until the following year and it is not adopted until 1960. This is the last time new elections have been held in Sweden and the only one of a total of two times this has happened (the second time was in the spring of 1914).
- 1964 – Kenya becomes a republic with Jomo Kenyatta as its first president.
- 1967 - The British pop group The Beatles releases the music album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, which is considered a milestone in music history. The music is considered innovative and innovative, as the music world has not heard anything like it before. It is also seen as a catalyst for the ongoing flower power- movement, which then sweeps over the Western world.
- 1975 – Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) formed.
- 1980 - The American news television channel CNN launched by the media mogul Ted Turner and begins its broadcasts at 5:00 PM (US EST). It will be the first television channel in the world, which broadcasts 24 hours a day, and also the first American channel, which only broadcasts news. Today (2022) it is the largest news channel in the world.
- 1981 - Uniform postage regulations for all domestic mail is introduced by the Swedish Post Office. This means that all different regulations on different postage depending on the contents of the shipment are abolished, as these have become more and more complicated over time, with special regulations for different printed matter, for example. From now on, the postage cost is governed only by the size and weight of the shipment.
- 1992 – Stockholm-Bromma Airport is reopened for international air traffic, after the airport has handled only domestic traffic for 30 years (in 1962 all international traffic was redirected to the newly opened airport Arlanda). The change takes place since Swedish air traffic was deregulated in the same year and is part of Sweden's adaptation to the entry into European Union 1995.
- 1997 - The railway part of the nearly 7 kilometers long the bridge over the Danish strait Stora Bält between Zealand and Funen is inaugurated after a construction period of nine years. However, the road section was not inaugurated until a year later (June 14, 1998).
- 1998 - The european central bank (ECB) is formally established as its own legal person and as one of Institutions of the European Union, based in the German city Frankfurt am Main. The bank is jointly owned by the member countries' central banks and must regulate the Union's monetary policy and strive to support the Union's general economic policy. It is also this bank that has the exclusive right to issue euro coins and notes.
- 2001 - The Nepalese Crown Prince Dipendra kills eight people within the Nepali royal family, including his parents, King Birendra and queen Aishwarya, before he also shoots himself and ends up in a coma. The reason for the shooting drama is that the crown prince has been rejected from a party because he behaved badly when he was drunk. As King Birendra is killed in the incident, the still-living Crown Prince Dipendra formally becomes the King of Nepal. However, he himself dies of his injuries on June 4, without having woken up from his coma. He is succeeded by his uncle Gyanendra, who becomes the king of Nepal until 2008, when the monarchy is abolished.
- The attack on the Dolphinarium in Tel Aviv in 2001. Terrorist attack against a night club by the sea in Tel Aviv in Israel is carried out. The perpetrator, Saed Soltan detonates his bomb in the queue outside the nightclub. The attack kills 21 people and injures 132.
- A law about smoking ban in restaurants and entertainment venues comes into force in Sweden, which thus severely limits public smoking in the country. A majority of Swedes are, however, in favor of the ban and as a result this is increasing the sniffing instead. Sweden is also the only country that has reached the EU's goal that less than 20 % of the adult population should smoke (in 2010, only 17 % of Swedish men smoke).
- Three days after a referendum in France has given another no European Constitution a similar vote is held in the Netherlands. Here, too, the result is negative (61.5 % no). These setbacks for the constitution lead to other countries, which have planned to hold a vote on the constitution, either postponing or canceling the votes indefinitely and the constitution has not yet (2022) been adopted.
- Conan O'Brien takes from Jay Leno over hosting the classic American talk show The Tonight Show on the NBC television network. However, O'Brien becomes the most short-lived host in the series' history, when after a conflict of interest with NBC, he leaves it after only six months, and on March 1, 2010, Leno becomes host again.
- The airplane Air France Flight 447, en route from the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro to the French capital of Paris, plunges into the sea northeast of Brazil's coast half an hour after disappearing from radar, killing all 216 passengers and 12 crew on board. In the following month, 51 bodies are recovered from the wreckage, but it takes almost two years (until May 2011) before the planet's remains are found black boxes. According to the accident investigation, which was made public on July 5, 2012, the crash was caused by the pilots making various fatal errors due to insufficient training.